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1  the Unexplained / Cryptozoology / Yeti Evidence Falls Flat: Scientist Says Local Officials Staged Siberian Snowman on: November 22, 2011, 04:54:59 pm
Yeti Evidence Falls Flat: Scientist Says Local Officials Staged Siberian Snowman Hunt For Publicity
Posted: 11/22/11 08:00 AM ET

A group of international scientists made headlines last month after suggesting they were "95 percent" certain they'd found evidence that the elusive Yeti -- or fabled Siberian Snowman -- really exists.
But one scientist who was part of the big snowman hunt tells The Huffington Post that local Siberian officials staged the entire snowman scenario -- all for publicity.
"It was a very awkward feeling because here I was a guest and this was clearly orchestrated," said Idaho State University anthropologist and anatomist Jeffrey Meldrum.
PHOTOS: (Story Continues Below)
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Depicted is an illustration of a creature reported to inhabit the Kemerovo region of Siberia. Scientists from the U.S., Russia and other countries have yet to find one of these creatures known as the Russian Snowman. In early October, researchers claimed to be 95 percent certain that the animal exists.
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Depicted is an illustration of a creature reported to inhabit the Kemerovo region of Siberia. Scientists from the U.S., Russia and other countries have yet to find one of these creatures known as the Russian Snowman. In early October, researchers claimed to be 95 percent certain that the animal exists.
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And now, as researchers claim that twisted tree branches are possible proof of the Yeti's existence, Meldrum is offering a word of caution.
"Since nobody has demonstrated to me any corroborating evidence, like footprints in direct association or hair intertwined in any of these [tree] structures, I'm much more inclined to think the majority of them are just natural occurrences," he said.
Meldrum was among a handful of scientists and investigators invited to Russia's Kemerovo region -- about 2,000 miles east of Moscow -- in October to look at possible evidence of a large, hairy primate, known as the Yeti or Siberian Snowman.
"I was happy when I learned there was interest by Russian government authorities to promote and sponsor the organization of a [Yeti] institute," Meldrum said.
"I thought that, at the very least, the official recognition of an institute -- of the need and the desirability to investigate these claims -- was a positive step," he said.
Meldrum, author of "Sasquatch: Legend Meets Science," was the only American scientist in the group that traveled to a huge cave in Kemerovo, home to an alleged Yeti.
His suspicions began when trip organizer Igor Burtsev, head of the Yeti Institute at Kemerovo State University, told the group that it might find some remains of Yeti footprints in the cave.
"Somebody found a right footprint," Meldrum said. "But I thought it was a little vague and not real distinct. It was a pretty expansive cave and there could've been footprints all over the place, if there was something tromping around in there in the sand."
When Meldrum decided to go farther into the cave on his own, followed by a cameraman, "one of the regional government people saw us and rather harshly called us back, stopping us from going any farther back."
"I thought that was kind of odd, and then someone picked up a little tuft of hair that was apparently pressed into the footprint. At that point, I wasn't comfortable with the situation and had an inkling of what might be happening," Meldrum said.
Adding to his growing feeling that the entire situation was a setup, the respected American scientist (pictured at right, holding a replica of a Bigfoot cast from Washington state) said that the trail leading to the cave had been well maintained and showed signs of being frequently visited, including graffiti on the cave walls, remnants of some campfires and discarded trash.
Another piece to this problematic scenario was that as soon as Meldrum suggested he couldn't place any credibility in just one footprint, suddenly another one was found -- another right footprint. When he looked a little further, he found a third print, "but it was also a right and I said it would be nice to find a left one, and I said facetiously, 'Is the Yeti playing hopscotch here?'" (See Meldrum inside the cave in the video at the top of this story.)
"But my point was simply that if this was a spontaneous line of tracks, we'd expect to see both rights and lefts," he said. "And why is it that the tracks are only leading out and none are leading in?
"If an animal is occupying this cave, it's not going to sleep on this cold, wet ground. It's going to have some kind of a bed or a nest of sorts. And just as if on cue, I'd barely got the words out when one of the [officials] raised his torch beam and there, under a little alcove on the side, was this neat little fern bed or mattress or nest."
It was at this point that Meldrum said he realized that everything that happened in the alleged Yeti lair was likely completely staged for his and the media's benefit. The publicity certainly wouldn't hurt Kemerovo's skiing tourism activities.
"These prints were too odd-looking and I said to everyone that if something was sleeping in here, this nest would be compacted and pressed down," Meldrum said. "We should be able to quickly find hair among the things here, and I can't see anything."
Meldrum added that Burtsev then dove onto the ferns in front of the cameras. "And I thought, 'Well, that's very scientific, Igor, you've just contaminated the whole scene.'"
Most of the participants and press were excited about what was found in the cave, which led to the headlines declaring they were "95 percent" certain of Yeti's existence.
But Meldrum was disappointed with the entire incident, including talk of how fallen and twisted trees across the trail were assumed to be an intentional action on the part of a Yeti or a wild snowman, obstructing the trail. He thought the close proximity of the twisted branches was suspiciously convenient.
Despite his skepticism of what happened in Siberia, Meldrum nonetheless believes there's been enough real and anecdotal evidence over many decades that suggests there might really be tall, hairy, unknown hominids in the Siberian region with similar characteristics to reported Bigfoot and Sasquatch sightings found elsewhere in the world.
With so much hype over alleged footprints, broken tree branches and a nest of ferns, let's not forget what would constitute the ultimate proof in the decades-old hunt for the Yeti or its North American hairy cousins: a body, dead or alive. That would open up a whole new branch of hominid science and would certainly quiet the skeptics.
And now that he's voiced his dubious opinion on the events of the Siberian Yeti hunt, Meldrum said he doubts he'll be included in any future Russian field trips.
"They were talking about having this conference become an annual event," he said, "and I'm quite confident I will not be invited back."
2  Earth Changes / Earth Changes / The Source of Earth's 'Hum' Finally Discovered on: May 20, 2010, 01:26:30 pm
The Source of Earth's 'Hum' Finally Discovered
It has puzzled researchers for more than a decade

By Tudor Vieru, Science Editor

10th of August 2009, 07:06 GMT

Though our ears are too insensitive to perceive it, the planet is constantly generating a low-frequency humming noise, which was first discovered with instruments in 1998. At a frequency of around 10 millihertz, the sound is far outside our hearing range, as we can only perceive sounds as low as 20 hertz. Now, scientists have finally been able to determine the source of the humming noise, and also the regions where it can be heard most loudly. The find puts an end to rumors and conspiracy theories about some unnatural event that may be causing the hum.

According to a group of researchers, the noise is created by nothing more than waves, albeit not the kind that hit the shorelines around the globe everyday. Some scientists argued ever since the phenomenon was first discovered that sea waves colliding with the ocean floor might be the trigger behind it. Now, in a scientific study published last Thursday in the respected scientific journal Geophysical Research Letters, the experts show that the Pacific Coast of North America is the strongest source for the hum.

The sound is produced as two waves, of similar frequencies, but opposite directions, meet. They collide with each other and generate a very special type of pressure wave, which travels downward towards the ocean floor at fairly large speeds. When it reaches the bottom, it slams into the rocks, causing it to vibrate, and give off the mysterious, low-frequency sound. The hum sounds to us as being generated non-stop because it happens in a lot of places around the world, and because waves of opposite directions always interact with each other.

The new research was made possible by the fact that seismographs can easily detect this low noise. Using an array of scientific data collected from such an instrument, called the USArray EarthScope, the science team was able to infer that the west coast of Europe also generates a significant hum of its own. Oddly enough, they say, there was little noise recorded as coming from the deep sea, which seems to indicate that the humming occurs mostly near coastal areas, where the seafloor is much more close to the surface than in the deep sea.

The investigation used scientific data collected between November 2006 and June 2007, so the experts believe it may be possible that the actual patterns vary with seasons. A study spanning several years is in order, if the noises' patterns and origins are to be accurately identified, Wired informs.

3  Space / the Universe / Large ‘Planet X’ may lurk beyond Pluto on: May 20, 2010, 01:24:11 pm
Large ‘Planet X’ may lurk beyond Pluto
No telescope has yet detected this object. But on the basis of its gravitational effect, John B. Murray, a planetary scientist at Britain’s Open University, speculates that the object could be a planet larger than Jupiter, the biggest of the solar system’s known planets. Murray puts the object’s orbit at 32,000 AU, or 2.98 trillion miles from the sun. His proposal appears in the Oct. 11 issue of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Meanwhile, researchers at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette say the object could be a planet or brown dwarf — that is, a dark, failed star — roughly three times the size of Jupiter and orbiting at 25,000 AU. The researchers, led by physicist John Matese, say their paper is to be published by the journal Icarus.

Both studies acknowledge that other factors could influence the pattern seen in long-period comets: for example, the Milky Way’s gravitational tidal effects. But the Louisiana researchers say the cometary patterns are best explained by the existence of “a perturber, acting in concert with the galactic tide.”

Matese said the proposed object should make one orbit around the sun every 4 million to 5 million years. Murray said the object he had in mind would make one orbit every 6 million years, circling the sun in a direction counter to that followed by the nine traditional planets.

    Chief-Common-Universal-Arch-Chemist Physicist Archangel Looisos, while still an Angel and together with other members of a most High Commission of Sacred Individuals, intervened in human existence soon after its arising in order to secure the role desired for mankind in the solar system's overall maintenance. As Arch-Chemist-Physicist, Looisos devised and actualised a special organ called Kundabuffer, which was implanted at the base of the human spine. This extraordinary intervention was required, in the opinion of these sacred individuals, because of a chain of unique circumstances, which began, with the violent collision of the Earth with the comet "Kondoor". This collision according to laws of world maintenance, led the Most High Commission, in it s first descent, to create mankind on Earth with the task, given without their knowledge, of maintaining the two fragments of the Earth, namely Moon and Anoolios, which had been separated in that collision. during the collision with the comet "Kondoor", after the two fragments had been separated from the Earth, the latter had not had time for the "centre-of-gravity" of the whole of it s presence to shift to a corresponding new location. Looisos explained its cause in the shifting of the centre of gravity of the planet to its rightful place.
4  Earth Changes / Earth Changes / Re: Volcanoes around the world on: May 20, 2010, 01:23:03 pm

On April 10, 1815, for the first time in about 5000 years, Tambora erupted. A series of large explosions began, sending a massive volcanic column into the air. This eruption was the biggest eruption in recorded history.


Tambora is a stratovolcano located on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia (see map below), forming the Sanggar peninsula of the island. The island is part of a very active volcanic arc, which is part of the Ring of Fire around the Pacific Ocean.

Map Courtesy of United States Geological Survey. Public Domain.

The Build-up

Before the explosion, Tambora stood over 4000 m (13000 ft) high. Starting in 1812, 3 years before the huge eruption, the volcano started spewing steam and ash, and creating small tremors in the Earth. What people didn't know is what was coming next...

On the 5th of April, 1815, after laying quiet for over 5000 years, the first eruption began, lofting a volcanic column 25 km (15.5 miles) into the sky. This initial eruption was heard over 1000 km away.

The Eruption

On April 10, 1815, a series of eruptions began, culminating to the largest eruption in recorded history. The eruption lasted several days. It blew a chunk off of the mountain almost a mile wide. The volcanic column, after flying 40 km into the sky, returned to the ground, creating a huge pyroclastic flow of ash, pumice, and debris. The pyroclastic flow alone killed more than 10,000 people in its path. The ash that fell from Tambora travelled as far as 1300 km (800 miles) away.

When the pyroclastic flow reached the ocean, the debris created such a large displacement of water that tsunamis as high as 5 meters emanated out from the island. These tsunamis caused flooding, devastation, and death on many of the other Indonesian islands.

After the eruption was over, and estimated 100-150 cubic kilometers of ash and debris were said to have been ejected from the mountain. [for reference, in 1980, Mt. St. Helens ejected about one or two cubic kilometers]- see graph below

Copyright 2004, W. W. Norton. Used by Permission

Volcanoes are measured by a Volcano Explosivity Index (VEI), on a scale of 1-8. Tambora had a VEI of 7. Only 4 other volcanoes in the last 10,000 years have had a VEI that high, and Tambora is the only volcano in recorded history with a VEI of 7.

Satellite photo: NASA Public Domain

The Aftermath

The giant crater left at the top of the volcano (aka caldera-see image above) 4 miles wide and 3,640 ft. deep, a hole that is still quite obvious today. The ash that fell from the eruption at Tambora was devastating, killing all the crops and vegetation, causing more than 80,000 more deaths from famine and disease. This death count is the largest from any volcano eruption in recorded history. In addition, the amount of sulfur dioxide that was released into the stratosphere made 1816 the year without a summer.

The Year without a Summer

In 1816, the overal temperature on Earth, specifically in the Northern Hemisphere, lowered so drastically that it became known as the year without a summer. Weather was disturbed all over, with problems in Western Europe and the United States, as well as Asia. Monsoon season was affected, which is thought to also be tied to a cholera epidemic that year. In places like New England and Canada, frost was recorded in every month of the year, and snow fell in June. This phenomenon is known as global cooling.

The summer temperatures in 1816 averaged just a few degrees below normal, but as mentioned, it frosted throughout the summer. The highs were still close to 100 degreed Fahrenheit on some days. However, the cold spells, especially at night, cause massive crop failure, and, as a result, even more famine.

200 million tons of sulfur dioxide was shot up into the stratosphere. The sulfur dioxide prevented much sunlight from reaching the Earth’s surface, lowering the overall temperature, and killing crops and many creatures as a result. This crop failure caused mass famine, which was what caused the death toll to be so high.

The global changes in temperature did not occur until a year later. This delay was due to the fact that the stratospheric winds take that long to distribute the sulfur dioxide and volcanic ash all around the world.

The Response
During the year with no summer, many artists all over the world felt moved to write about it. Among those people were Mary Shelley, Lord Byron, and William Turner (see painting below). Mary Shelley wrote the very well-known book entitled Frankenstein to help portray the dismal feeling of 1816. Lord Byron wrote the poem Darkness in response to the weather.

"The Slave Ship" 1840 by William Turner. Public Domain

Literature Cited

Furgang, Kathy. Tambora: a Killer Volcano from Indonesia. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.: New York. 2001.

Gordon, George. "Darkness" as found at Accessed on April 9, 2005.

Marshak, Stephen. Essentials of Geology. W. W. Norton & Company: New York. 2004.

NASA. 2002. Volcanoes and global cooling. Accessed April 11, 2005.

Oppenheimer, C. 2003. Climactic, environmental, and human consequences of the largest known historic eruption: Tambora volcano (Indonesia) 1815. Progress in Physical Geography 27:2. GeoREF. Accessed April 11, 2005.

San Diego State University Geology Department. date unknown. Climate effects of volcanic eruptions. Accessed March 15, 2005.

Smithsonian Institution. date unknown. Tambora. Accessed March 15, 2005.

Suri, Dan. 2002. 1816-The year without a summer. Accessed March 15, 2005

Taylor, David. 2004. The year without a summer. Accessed April 9, 2005.

University of North Dakota-Volcano World. 2005. Tambora, Sumbawa, Indonesia. Accessed March 15, 2005.


Author: Becca Ethridge
Creation/revision date: December 8, 2007

5  Earth Changes / Earth Changes / Volcanoes around the world on: May 20, 2010, 01:22:12 pm
Volcanoes around the world

The year without a summer

"the bright sun was extinguish'd... morn came and went--and came, and brought no day"
-Darkness by George Gordon, Lord Byron

6  UFOs, Aliens & Future Science / Aliens & Alien Abduction / Vatican looks to heavens for signs of alien life on: May 20, 2010, 01:19:10 pm
VATICAN CITY — E.T. phone Rome. Four hundred years after it locked up Galileo for challenging the view that the Earth was the center of the universe, the Vatican has called in experts to study the possibility of extraterrestrial alien life and its implication for the Catholic Church.

"The questions of life's origins and of whether life exists elsewhere in the universe are very suitable and deserve serious consideration," said the Rev. Jose Gabriel Funes, an astronomer and director of the Vatican Observatory.

Funes, a Jesuit priest, presented the results Tuesday of a five-day conference that gathered astronomers, physicists, biologists and other experts to discuss the budding field of astrobiology — the study of the origin of life and its existence elsewhere in the cosmos.

Funes said the possibility of alien life raises "many philosophical and theological implications" but added that the gathering was mainly focused on the scientific perspective and how different disciplines can be used to explore the issue.

Chris Impey, an astronomy professor at the University of Arizona, said it was appropriate that the Vatican would host such a meeting.

"Both science and religion posit life as a special outcome of a vast and mostly inhospitable universe," he told a news conference Tuesday. "There is a rich middle ground for dialogue between the practitioners of astrobiology and those who seek to understand the meaning of our existence in a biological universe."

Thirty scientists, including non-Catholics, from the U.S., France, Britain, Switzerland, Italy and Chile attended the conference, called to explore among other issues "whether sentient life forms exist on other worlds."

Funes set the stage for the conference a year ago when he discussed the possibility of alien life in an interview given prominence in the Vatican's daily newspaper.

The Church of Rome's views have shifted radically through the centuries since Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake as a heretic in 1600 for speculating, among other ideas, that other worlds could be inhabited.

Scientists have discovered hundreds of planets outside our solar system — including 32 new ones announced recently by the European Space Agency. Impey said the discovery of alien life may be only a few years away.

"If biology is not unique to the Earth, or life elsewhere differs bio-chemically from our version, or we ever make contact with an intelligent species in the vastness of space, the implications for our self-image will be profound," he said.

This is not the first time the Vatican has explored the issue of extraterrestrials: In 2005, its observatory brought together top researchers in the field for similar discussions.

In the interview last year, Funes told Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano that believing the universe may host aliens, even intelligent ones, does not contradict a faith in God.

"How can we rule out that life may have developed elsewhere?" Funes said in that interview.

"Just as there is a multitude of creatures on Earth, there could be other beings, even intelligent ones, created by God. This does not contradict our faith, because we cannot put limits on God's creative freedom."

Funes maintained that if intelligent beings were discovered, they would also be considered "part of creation."

The Roman Catholic Church's relationship with science has come a long way since Galileo was tried as a heretic in 1633 and forced to recant his finding that the Earth revolves around the sun. Church teaching at the time placed Earth at the center of the universe.

Today top clergy, including Funes, openly endorse scientific ideas like the Big Bang theory as a reasonable explanation for the creation of the universe. The theory says the universe began billions of years ago in the explosion of a single, super-dense point that contained all matter.

Earlier this year, the Vatican also sponsored a conference on evolution to mark the 150th anniversary of Charles Darwin's "The Origin of Species."

The event snubbed proponents of alternative theories, like creationism and intelligent design, which see a higher being rather than the undirected process of natural selection behind the evolution of species.

Still, there are divisions on the issues within the Catholic Church and within other religions, with some favoring creationism or intelligent design that could make it difficult to accept the concept of alien life.

Working with scientists to explore fundamental questions that are of interest to religion is in line with the teachings of Pope Benedict XVI, who has made strengthening the relationship between faith and reason a key aspect of his papacy.

Recent popes have been working to overcome the accusation that the church was hostile to science — a reputation grounded in the Galileo affair.

In 1992, Pope John Paul II declared the ruling against the astronomer was an error resulting from "tragic mutual incomprehension."

The Vatican Museums opened an exhibit last month marking the 400th anniversary of Galileo's first celestial observations.

Tommaso Maccacaro, president of Italy's national institute of astrophysics, said at the exhibit's Oct. 13 opening that astronomy has had a major impact on the way we perceive ourselves.

"It was astronomical observations that let us understand that Earth (and man) don't have a privileged position or role in the universe," he said. "I ask myself what tools will we use in the next 400 years, and I ask what revolutions of understanding they'll bring about, like resolving the mystery of our apparent cosmic solitude."

The Vatican Observatory has also been at the forefront of efforts to bridge the gap between religion and science. Its scientist-clerics have generated top-notch research and its meteorite collection is considered one of the world's best.

The observatory, founded by Pope Leo XIII in 1891, is based in Castel Gandolfo, a lakeside town in the hills outside Rome where the pope has his summer residence. It also conducts research at an observatory at the University of Arizona, in Tucson.
7  Egypt & the Pyramids / Gods of Egypt / Gods and Mythology of Ancient Egypt on: May 20, 2010, 01:15:48 pm
Gods and Mythology of Ancient Egypt

part totemism, part polytheism, and part ancestor worship

The Gods

    * Aken Ferryman of the Underworld
    * Aker Guardian and Gatekeeper of the Underworld
    * Am-Heh - Devourer of Millions
    * Ament Greeter of the Dead
    * Ammit Devourer of the Wicked
    * Amun and Amun-Re The King of the Gods
    * Anat Mother of Gods
    * Andjety A precursor of Osiris
    * Anqet The Embracer, Goddess of Fertility and the Nile at Aswan
    * Anubis God of Embalming
    * Anuke Goddess of War
    * Anuket Goddess of the Nile
    * Apep The Great Destroyer
    * Arensnuphis Anthropomorphic Nubian Deity
    * As Kindly God of the Desert
    * Astarte, Warrior Goddess of Canaan
    * Aten The Sun Disk and later God
    * Atum The All-Father
    * Auf (Efu Ra) An aspect of the sun god Ra
    * Baal, God of Thunder
    * Ba-Pef - The Soul
    * Babi - The Dominant Male Baboon God
    * Banebdjetet God of Lower Egypt
    * Bast Beautiful Cat-Goddess
    * Bat - Ancient Cow Goddess
    * Benu (Bennu) - The Bird of Creation
    * Bes Protector of Childbirth
    * Dedwen - Nubian God of Resources
    * Denwen - The Fiery Serpent
    * The Ennead The Nine Great Osirian Gods
    * Fetket - The Sun God's Butler
    * Geb God of the Earth
    * Gengen Wer - The Great Honker
    * Hapi God of the Nile River
    * Hathor Goddess of Music and Dance
    * Hatmehyt - The Fish Goddess
    * Haurun, The Victorious Herdsman
    * Heh and Hauhet Deities of Infinity and Eternity
    * Heqet Frog Goddess
    * Heret-Kau - She who is Above the Spirits
    * Heryshef, Ruler of the Riverbanks
    * Heset Goddess of Plenty
    * Hetepes-Sekhus - An Eye of Re
    * Hike God of Magic and Medicine
    * Horus King of the Gods on Earth
    * Hu God of the Spoken Word
    * Iabet, Cleanser of Re, Personification of the East
    * Ihy - The Child God
    * Imhotep Lord of Science and Thought
    * Ipy (Opet), A Mother of Osiris
    * Isis Queen of the Gods
    * Iusaas - Creator Goddess
    * Kabechet Helper of Anubis
    * Kek and Kauket, Deities of Darkness, Obscurity and Night
    * Khenmu The Great Potter
    * Kherty - Ram-headed God
    * Kephri The Great Scarab
    * Khonsu God of the Moon
    * Maat Lady of Truth and Order
    * Mafdet Goddess of Scorpions and Snakes
    * Mahaf - The Ferryman
    * Mahes The Lord of the Massacre
    * Male Child Gods of Egypt
    * Mandulis - The Lower Nubian Sun God
    * Mehen Defender of the Sun Boat
    * Mehet-Weret - Cow Goddess of the Sky
    * Menhit Lion-headed War Goddess
    * Mertseger Guardian of the Valley of the Kings
    * Meskhenet - Goddess of Childbrith
    * Mihos - Son of Bastet
    * Min God of Fertility
    * Montu, Warrior and Solar God
    * Mut Grandmother of the Gods
    * Nefertem Lord of the Sunrise
    * Nehebkau, the God who Joined the Ka to the Body
    * Nekhbet Goddess of the Power of Kings
    * Neith Goddess of War and Funerals
    * Nephthys Lady of the Wings
    * Nun and Naunet Gods of Chaos and Water
    * Nut Goddess of the Firmament
    * The Ogdoad The Primordial Creation Gods
    * Onuris The War God
    * Osiris Lord of the Dead
    * Pakhet The Strength of Woman
    * Panebtawy - The Child God
    * Peteese and Pihor - Brother Gods
    * Ptah The Creator
    * Qadesh - Goddess of Esctasy and Sexual Pleasure
    * Re (Ra) The Sun God
    * Renenutet Goddess of the Harvest
    * Reshep - The Syrian War God
    * Sah and Sopdet (Sothis) The Astral God and Goddess
    * Satet Goddess of the Inundation
    * Satis Guardian of the Borders
    * Sebiumeker - Meroitic God of Procreation
    * Sefkhet-Abwy - Goddess of Writing and Temple Libraries
    * Seker The Resurrected Osiris
    * Sekhmet The Eye of Ra
    * Sepa - Centipede God
    * Serapis the Composit God
    * Serqet (Selkis) Scorpion Goddess
    * Seshat Goddess of writing, measurements
    * Set God of Evil
    * Shay - Personified Destiny
    * Shesmetet - Leonine Goddess
    * Shesmu Demon god of the Win Press
    * Shu God of the Air and Sky
    * Sia - The Perceptive Mind
    * Sobek Guard of the Gods
    * Sons of Horus Gods of the Viscera and the Canopic Jars
    * Sopedu - The Border Patrol God
    * Ta-Bitjet - A Wife of Horus
    * Tasenetnofret - The Good Sister
    * Taweret Goddess Demoness of Birth
    * Tayet - Goddess of Weaving
    * Tefnut Goddess of Moisture
    * Tatenen - "Father of Gods" and the God of the Rising Earth
    * Thoth God of Wisdom
    * Wadj Wer - The Pregnant God
    * Wadjet The Serpent Goddess
    * Weneg - Ancient Son of Re
    * Wepwawet (Upuaut) The Opener of the Ways
    * Wosret - Goddess of Thebes
    * Yah - Another Moon God
    * Yamm - God of the Sea
8  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:14:02 pm
How long do you think the jihad movement will last? Other millennial-apocalyptic groups such as the Nazis had a relatively short lifespan. The Bolsheviks in the USSR were only truly bloodthirsty and millennial for about 30 years. Right now the regime in Iran appears to be in serious trouble. Won’t it also die out?

    Well perhaps, but there’s a big difference between our world today and the situation in the past. Thanks to the Internet the jihadis can draw upon a much bigger pool of potential recruits. There are 1.2 billion Muslims in the world. Thus Global Jihad has the potential to be infinitely self-regenerating.

9  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:13:41 pm

But while the Iranian regime is explicitly inspired by a messianic Shiite ideology, Sunni terrorist organizations such as Al Qaeda make no mention of the End or the Mahdi…

    They’re not apocalyptic in the sense that they talk about the end of time. But they are unquestionably millennial. In the 1990s Al Qaeda decided that it was possible to take over world, like a mirror of western globalisation. They dream of establishing Sharia everywhere, and are actively apocalyptic in how they go about it- they want to establish paradise on earth by first destroying the old world. This is a pre- modern movement with access to hyper modern technology. As I said, even if a tiny group gets its hands on nukes that could cause a catastrophe.

    Islamic apocalyptic millennialism is what I call ‘active cataclysmic’- i.e. we are God’s tool/weapon for bringing about the devastation necessary for the millennial kingdom to be realized on earth. This is by far the most dangerous belief in the history of mankind. People need to understand the degree to which our unwillingness to talk about it actually encourages it.

10  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:13:25 pm
It’s interesting that those who favor one apocalyptic scenario tend to deny or downplay the other. The ‘left’ usually believes fervently in Global Warming while attempting to dismiss Islamist terrorism, while the ‘right’ tends to argue in the opposite direction.

    Yes, and yet the two complement each other. In fact they go hand in hand. It’s our consumption of fossil fuels that feeds money to global jihad.

If I can stay on Global Warming for a minute- it’s a common belief that apocalyptic ideas appeal mainly to the weak, the marginalized, and the oppressed. But Global Warming seems to appeal mainly to the elite- while the so-called ‘masses’ are frequently hostile or indifferent towards it. Is this unusual?

    That’s true, but in the past many leaders of apocalyptic sects were members of the elite, especially intellectuals who felt that they hadn’t found their place in society. For example Thomas Müntzer, who was a theologian and leader in the Peasant’s War in Germany in the 1520s, was a well educated man. Hong Xiuqan in China was also incredibly intelligent, a child prodigy, but he failed the civil service exams, which had something like a 98% failure rate, and after this rejection he embraced apocalyptic belief.

    The leaders of Global Jihad are also well educated men from wealthy families. And make no mistake: Global Jihad is an absolutely apocalyptic movement- it was launched in 1979, the year 1400 in the Muslim world. There was revolution in Iran, and an uprising in Mecca led by a man who declared himself the Mahdi, the Islamic savior. And in Nigeria there was an uprising that killed 10000 people.
11  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:13:10 pm

What are the dominant apocalyptic scenarios today?

    The two most compelling contemporary secular apocalyptic prophecies of our time are Climate Change and Global Jihad. By secular I mean based on empirical evidence rather than heavenly visions and ancient texts. But still they follow the apocalyptic thread of destruction and rebirth and are ripe for transformation into millennial movements.

    Global Jihad involves actors inspired by sacred texts, but the danger of what they can do is very real. It is unfolding in real time, thus we can see it, and make observations. And so I describe it as a secular apocalypse.

Are there major differences between secular and religious apocalypses, other than the empirical/visionary divide?

    Yes, they are much more pessimistic. Global Warming promises destruction without a redemptive framework- except in certain New Age interpretations which add the promise that after the catastrophe, a more harmonious society will emerge, which will transition to ‘a new consciousness’.

    I’m more focused on Global Jihad. Climate Change could take decades to take effect. In Global Jihad the timetable of danger is greater. If one of these groups gets hand on a nuke, then it could affect us in the here and now with disastrous consequences.
12  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:12:54 pm
No rhetoric is more powerful than apocalyptic rhetoric, no greater motivation exists in the human repertoire than the belief that one’s every action is crucial to the final destiny of the human race.

    Millennialism brings out the most noble and most base of human behaviour, from the genocidal rage of Crusaders and Nazis, to the extravagant love of a Francis or a Gandhi. If we don’t understand millennialism, we don’t understand a critical element of one of our culture’s greatest passions.

    It is powerful and seductive; and yes, it can be incredibly subversive, incredibly dangerous. In 19th- century China a village schoolteacher named Hong Xiuquan fused Christian tracts with native millennial traditions and formed the Taiping Heavenly Army. Up to 35 million died as Hong fought to establish paradise on earth. And this was in an age before modern weaponry!

    I would argue that the Nazis and the Bolsheviks should also be understood as secular apocalyptic movements, further underscoring the potentially traumatic consequences of millennial belief.

In The Apocalyptic Year 1000 which you edited, you argue that although the popular idea that there was mass panic in Europe on the eve of the first millennium is a myth, there was nevertheless a sustained apocalyptic period in the decades before and after the year 1000, evidenced by mass movements, signs and wonders in the sky, an increase in references to the Antichrist in texts etc. The year 2000 was likewise a dud- but do you think we could be experiencing a similar ‘long apocalyptic moment’ today? And if so when did it start? Was it in the 70s with Jim Jones and Peoples Temple, or Hal Lindsey’s bestselling books of popular prophecy?

    That’s an interesting way to look at it. I’d take it all the way back to 1968, when many people in the West believed the world was going to change, that bomber jet planes were going to transformed into butterflies, and John Lennon was lying around in bed with Yoko Ono in the name of world peace. That was a classical millennial theme- admittedly in an unbelievably shallow form- that if you changed your life, you could change the world.
13  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Re: Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:12:41 pm
But where does it come from?

    The West is fundamentally an apocalyptic culture. It came with the first missionaries when they went north to convert the tribes in Europe. The old chronicles speak of ‘glad tidings’, which had to be news of Christ’s impending return. Do you know the French cartoon strip, Asterix and Obelix? Asterix had to drink the magic potion to become strong. Obelix fell into the cauldron when he was a baby, so he didn’t need to drink it. That’s the relationship between Western culture and apocalypse.

    If apocalyptic fervor seems more intense now it’s because ever since the Industrial Revolution Western society has been built on the idea of constant change, and so we need to constantly be thinking about the future. Scenarios like the Millennium Bug or Global Warming thus have special appeal to secular minds because as they are situations we created ourselves, we think we can solve them.


So we keep looking to the future, but as Western culture has always located an apocalypse in the future, this ‘looking forward’ inevitably stirs up ancient archetypes and fears regarding the End Times?

    It’s like an acid flashback.

Which goes some way to explaining why the anticipation of doomsday constantly recurs- even though every prophet has been wrong…

    Well, we historians prefer to say that the prophets have been wrong so far. But the key point to make, and I stress– is that apocalyptic belief is never without consequences, even if it’s wrong. For example, an idea often associated with apocalypse is that of the millennium- a period prior to the end during which men and women shall live in heaven on earth. That can be pretty harmless in itself, but when people decide to pursue that goal, and make it happen instead of waiting on God, the results can be disastrous.

Thanks to sects such as Jim Jones’ Peoples Temple, Koresh’s Branch Davidians and Aum Shinrikyo in Japan End Times belief is often associated in the popular imagination with murder and mass suicide. Is it always dangerous?
14  Ancient Mysticism & Sacred Beliefs / Prophecy / Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse? on: May 20, 2010, 01:12:23 pm
Death Wish: Why Are We So In Love with the Apocalypse?

It’s impossible to avoid the apocalypse these days. Whether we encounter the End in the form of news reports on Global Warming, or fears of Iran getting bomb, or plague panics such as H1N1, we seem to be living in a high point of apocalyptic anxiety, with horrible Doomsdays lurking round every corner.

And yet, the End has never been so much fun.  Roland Emmerich released his latest apocalyptic blockbuster 2012 in November, and since then we have enjoyed Zombieland, The Road, The Book of Eli, Legion and even Al Gore’s dreadful poem read aloud on morning TV in the presence of a fawning sycophant. Much more is to come, and this is to say nothing of video games, books, comics, or half the output of the History Channel.


What lies behind this fascination with the End? Dr. Richard Landes, professor of mediaeval history at Boston University, is a renowned scholar of apocalyptic movements who has been thinking about Doomsday for forty years. He is the editor of the Encyclopedia of Millennialism and author of the upcoming Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of Millennial Experience. Landes is an exceptionally interesting thinker who applies his knowledge of past apocalypses to our present fears, an analysis which frequently informs the articles he publishes at his website The Augean Stables.

Recently I phoned him from my base in Texas, to chat about mankind’s enduring love affair with the apocalypse. I caught him in Tel Aviv airport at 2 a.m, and it was then, against a backdrop of deepest night, that we spent two hours discussing the end of the world:

With all these apocalyptic films coming out, and fears of Global Warming, plague and nuclear proliferation running rampant, do you think that we are living through an era of heightened apocalyptic anxiety?

    You know, that’s almost a precise paraphrase of what journalists were asking me in the 90s, while looking ahead to the year 2000. That was when we had all those movies about planet-destroying comets, and fears of the Y2K bug… There’s always an apocalyptic undercurrent in our culture, but sometimes it comes to the fore.

Why is the pull of apocalyptic belief so strong?

    Our love for the apocalypse is connected with our sense of our own importance. To live in apocalyptic expectation means that you are the chosen generation; that in your time the puzzle of existence will be solved. It appeals to our- by which I mean humanity’s- megalomania: we all want to believe we’re special, that God has given us a front row seat for the most important events in history.

15  Atlantis / the Scientific Atlantis / 'Missing' Canadian flood path discovered on: May 20, 2010, 01:09:13 pm

Thursday, April 01, 2010 7:53:22 AM
'Missing' Canadian flood path discovered
By Margaret Munro, Canwest News ServiceApril 1, 2010 2:07 AM

Scientists say they have uncovered the path of a colossal flood that swept across northern Canada 13,000 years ago, plunging the Northern Hemisphere into a prolonged cold snap.

A Canadian-British team reported it has found the "missing flood path" along the Mackenzie, Athabasca and Clearwater river systems that triggered the cooling event that is considered one of the most catastrophic geological events in recent Earth history. Scoured out valley bottoms, giant gravel bars and fields of boulders all point to a massive freshwater pulse from Lake Agassiz, a huge meltwater basin that formed at the end of the last ice age.

"You know something big happened when you look at the size of the boulders in that gravel," says geologist James Teller, of the University of Manitoba, pointing to rocks up to two metres across tossed around by the rushing water.

He is co-author of the report published today in the journal Nature that adds an intriguing chapter to the story of Lake Agassiz, which used to be the world's largest lake, covering a huge million-square-kilometre patch of what is now northern parts of Manitoba and Ontario. Teller says there were several huge floods from the lake as ice dams burst, culminating with one about 8,400 years ago that sent water pouring out through Hudson Bay, altering ocean currents and triggering a sea level rise.

Teller has speculated a giant pulse of water may even be linked to the flood behind the biblical story of Noah's Ark. He and his colleagues now say a much earlier outburst from Lake Agassiz 13,000 years ago appears to have had an even more dramatic impact on the global climate, triggering an abrupt and prolonged cold snap in the Northern Hemisphere.

Researchers have turned up "very persuasive dating evidence," Teller says, at the mouth of the Mackenzie River that drains into the Arctic Ocean. The huge gravel bars on the delta caught the eye of Julian Murton, of University of Sussex in England, while he was on a field trip to study permafrost.
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